Treatment of occlusal dysfunctions of worn tooth surfaces

Occlusive disease occurs when abnormal contacts of the upper and lower parts of the teeth appears. This phenomenon causes excessive muscle activity, which over time destroys the temporomandibular joint and the teeth themselves.

 

What are the reasons and how does this happen?

Most often, the problem with occlusion is the result of several health problems, often not only dental ones, they can be:

– problems with joints,

– movement disorders,

– missing teeth,

– malocclusion,

– improperly made teeth fillings or prosthetic restorations,

– crowding of the teeth resulting from eighth-aged teeth erupting in late age.

 

What are the symptoms?

The most characteristic signs of dysfunction are excessively abraded tooth surfaces. They should be a signal to register for a visit to the dentist.

More advanced forms of dysfunction often coexist with:

– pops of the joints,

– lockjaw,

– headaches,

– tiredness of the face and neck muscles,

– hypersensitivity and toothache,

– gripping and grinding teeth,

– the formation of gingival recession,

– tooth rotations and changes in their settings.

Such changes are more or less spread over time, so it’s worth paying attention to the first symptoms.

 

How do we treat?

After determining the cause of the dysfunction, we are looking for the most convenient position for the temporomandibular joint. We use a muscle deprogrammer for this purpose. After registering in the patient’s mouth the most relaxed position of the jaw, we are able to transfer this relation to the models embedded in the articulator. This visualization of the jaw-jaw relationship is for us the starting point for further planning of prosthetic solutions. The treatment as well as the diagnosis often takes several visits, but thanks to this we are able to reduce the risk of complications in the future.